Rats have been despised since ancient times as they were blamed for heralding plague into healthy societies and destroying them. Rats do carry several dangerous diseases and their rapid breeding ensures that they can quickly overwhelm their surroundings once they establish a firm foothold.
Mice are expert climbers, gnawers, escape artists and, unfortunately, experts in multiplying quickly. There are various types of mice such as roof mice, house mice and Norway mice that normally enter homes and make their own nest in any deserted corner that they can locate within that home. If your home has an unused attic or basement or has tiny openings that have not been sealed completely then that is invitation enough for a mouse to set up residence within your home. While most mice are quite small in size, the damage that they can do within a few days along with the germs that they can spread in that time is enormous. Certain mice or rats in Asia that are known as bandicoots grow so big that any sane cat would think twice before going anywhere near it.
1. Seal All Small Openings
Mice have teeth that keep on growing and this is one reason as to why they need to keep on gnawing at all times, be it on a bar of soap, through rubber insulation on electrical wires, plastic containers, etc. This could be dangerous as it could cause an electrical short circuit that could result in a fire. Their urine and droppings contain several bacteria and parasites that could be harmful to humans. They might also bite unattended babies, which in turn could be very dangerous if it is not detected quickly. Since mice or rats can change their location within your home very quickly, the best move is to prevent their entry into your home in the first place. You should seal every tiny opening within your home with a strong and smooth sealant, and install sturdy steel or copper wire mesh wherever possible. If there are overhead cables entering your home from above then make sure that the entry hole is completely sealed around that cable since mice are experts in wire walking.
2. Environmentally Friendly Traps and Cages
If you find mice droppings in your home or notice a mouse scampering along the sides of your room then you will have to act quickly to eliminate the mouse before it produces offspring that might really start to tear up your home from inside. The most common way of eliminating mice is to lay several spring traps fitted with bait that snap shut as soon as a mouse lays its feet on the trap. You can also use large cages fitted with bait or go in for the costlier traps that can kill a trapped mouse within seconds with an electrical shock. All these methods are environmentally friendly as there are no harmful chemicals used and the dead mouse can also be disposed of safely by placing it in a plastic bag. However, you should remember to wear thick gloves and disinfect your hands after handling dead mice.
3. Bait Poisons
You can also use chemicals if traps fail to do the trick or if the mouse keeps on escaping into a small hole through which a trap cannot pass through. You can find many bait poisons in the form of pellets or cakes that can be strategically placed to lure the mouse to eat it before it dies from dehydration. These poisons should be kept away from small children and pets.
4. Look for Tell-Tail Signs
Mice can not only be a nuisance as they chew through household objects but also carry several dangerous organisms in their bodies. It is important to look for “tell-tail” signs of infestation and quickly eliminate them before they breed or have a chance to contaminate your home.